Black pepper belongs to the Piperaceae family, especially cultivated for its fruit, which is dried and used as a spice. Its fruits, also known as peppercorns appear like berries, which grow in 33 feet pepper plant, a smooth woody vine. The powdered pepper is simply described as pepper.
Peppercorns were well-liked trade goods in the earlier days, often referred to as “Black Gold.” For several years, Black pepper was used as a form of commodity money. It is native to South East Asia and China, extensively cultivated in tropical regions. Vietnam is the largest producer and exporter of black pepper in the world.
Black pepper is extracted from the green unripe drupes of the pepper plant by boiling in hot water before drying. Because of heating, cell walls in the pepper raptures speeding the work of browning enzymes during dying. These drupes are dried in the sun for several days resulting in the formation of wrinkled black layer by shrinking of pepper around the seed. Hence, the product so obtained is black pepper.
Skin: Pepper prevents Vitiligo, a skin disease, which causes whitening of skin because of losing normal pigment in some areas. Piperine contained in pepper helps in stimulation of normal pigment by skin.
Stomach: Pepper helps in digestion by secreting hydrochloric acid in stomach. Because of proper digestion, you stay away from diarrhea, constipation and colic. Pepper intake also prevents formation of intestinal gas, and also helps in sweating and urination.
Weight Loss: Pepper’s outer layer helps in reducing weight by breaking fat cells in the body. Therefore, this kind of spice is good for lowering extra-fats.
Antibacterial property: Eating pepper-added diet helps in fighting infections and insect bites because of its antibacterial property. It also helps in keeping arteries clean.
Antioxidant: Pepper, an antioxidant, prevents the damage caused by the free radicals, and protects from deadly diseases such as cancer, as well as cardiovascular diseases and liver problems.
Other benefits: Pepper helps in treating tooth decay, toothache and eye problems. It can treat respiratory conditions such as asthma and whooping cough. It works as a good carrier by transporting benefits of natural herbs to different parts of body.
Ayurveda: Ayurvedic benefits of pepper are all the time appreciated because of its characteristic of healing diseases such as ear-ache, gangrene, hernia, hoarseness and joint pain. Pepper is added in tonic for cough and cold as well helps relieve nasal congestion and sinusitis.